Hair transplantation is used to treat various forms and degrees of permanent alopecia in both men and women. Intact hair follicles may be picking from within the safe donor area of a patient’s scalp. Since hair naturally grows in groupings of 1 to 4 hairs, current techniques harvest and transplant hair “follicular units” in their natural groupings. Thus modern hair transplant can achieve a natural appearance by mimicking original hair orientation. More than 60% of men and approximately 10% of women face Hair loss.
Hair loss is a major concern for many, and surgery to treat hair loss (i.e, hair transplant) is the most common cosmetic surgery procedure performed now a days.
There are two types of procedures for hair transplant.
- Follicular unit transplant (FUT)
- Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
Each harvesting method has unique advantages and disadvantages.
1-FUE: Follicular Unit Extraction
FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction is a method of harvesting hair follicles from the safe donor area (the back and side of scalp where hairs won’t fall out during the patient’s lifetime).
In this method hair transplant, the surgeon extracts each follicular unit one by one by a micro punch that varies in diameter from 0.7mm to 1.1mm. There are many types of punches and ways to use them (manual punches, motorized punches, sharp, blunt, among others) and all of them can offer good hair transplant results in experienced hands. What makes a big difference is the surgeon’s ability and experience. There is even a robot which helps the surgeon in the extraction process of the FUE.
2- FUT: Follicular unit transplant
FUT is the traditional hair transplant method which involves extracting a linear strip of hair bearing skin from the back or the side of the scalp. The strip is then methodically cut up to separate individual grafts.
Whether it is via medication, scalp treatments, laser hair therapy, surgical or non-surgical procedures, there is something for everyone. The future looks bright where hair restoration is concerned.